Why Study History?
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“If you don’t know history, then you don’t know anything. You are a leaf that doesn’t know it is part of a tree. ” Michael Crichton
“The whole course of human history may depend on a change of heart in one solitary and even humble individual – for it is in the solitary mind and soul of the individual that the battle between good and evil is waged and ultimately won or lost.”  M. Scott Peck
“Most of us spend too much time on the last twenty-four hours and too little on the last six thousand years.”  Will Durant
“History is a vast early warning system.”  Norman Cousins
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“History is for human self-knowledge … the only clue to what man can do is what man has done. The value of history, then, is that it teaches us what man has done and thus what man is.”   R. G. Collingwood
“People, most people, always assume that civilization steadily increases, that the world improves, becomes more peaceful, and it very often does. But…this is not always the case. Sometimes, when civilization falters, sometimes, things become more primitive again. More primitive, and more violent.” Marcus Sedgwick in Midwinter Blood (69)
“History cannot give us a program for the future, but it can give us a fuller understanding of ourselves, and of our common humanity, so that we can better face the future.”   Robert Penn Warren
“Study the past if you would define the future.” Confucius
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 Click HERE to discover why we study history in schools.


Not a Sparkler

Picture 7Kepler’s Dream by Juliet Ball (G.P. Putnam’s Sons, 2012)  fizzles out in the first chapter. The main character is an eleven-year-old girl sent to live with her grandmother in  Arizona for the summer while her mother undergoes cancer treatment in California.

Ella is a patronising child.   She calls another guest in her grandmother’s house, “…Our Honored Pest, I mean Guest…” (5). She refers disdainfully to Rosie, a girl her own age, saying, “…even if she hated me, I didn’t want the kid to die of hypothermia” (3). Later, when she thinks she does not appear intelligent in front of her, she says, “…I actually scored pretty high on comprehension tests at school” (7) In case readers don’t know how to read, she includes a parenthetical pronunciation guide: “…Spokane, Washington (say Spo-can, not Spo-cain)…” (17). And in case readers have a poor reading level, she goes to great lengths to explain the word ‘expletive’ (21).

Ella is disdainful of Christianity. She says of a room that is empty, “The only person…was Jesus on the cross, and he wasn’t talking” (9). She says that her mother calls her sister a “…’technical’ aunt…”,  and Ella can’t go stay with her because she is taking her children to a “…Christian family camp…” (20-21).  Despite her world-weary air of superiority, Ella is pleased with herself, saying she is “… a regular, mortal eleven-year-old, with ordinary powers” although maybe her “…dead grandfather’s spirit [is] helping [her] along” (5).

The language in the novel goes back and forth between the voice of a young child and the voice of a self-satisfied teenager. Ella refers to her mother as being “super-sick”, the language of a child (4). When there are bright lights and noise outside at night, she wonders whether they are caused by “Thieves? Murderers? Pirates?” (11).  Her dog gives her a “big licky greeting” (12). Later, her father is letting “…a few other things…slide, like worrying about his daughter, but – whatever” (157).

Cliches abound.  “Piece of cake!” she says (5). “The stars blinked…and kept their secrets to themselves” (8). When she and Rosie start a fire, it starts “Like a house on fire” (9). They gaze into the flames that are “…moving around each other like in a dream” (10). Ella’s father is not “…a bad person…” but does not “…know how to be a dad. It was like no one ever gave him the manual” (17). And when she  cannot go to stay with her aunt, she and her mother are not “…exactly heartbroken” (21).

Similes are often confusing. Ella gets cold at night and so sometimes her nose gets “cool and clammy” like a dog’s (2). But a cool nose on a dog is a good thing and for Ella it’s not so good.

And the timing is off.  Ella asks Rosie , “Which is his room?” and then says it is “neat” before actually walking into it and describing it, so a reader cannot follow along as if in the story because the verdict comes before the description (8-9).

Every page is full of irritations. And at the end of the story, Ella is just as patronising and self-satisfied as at the beginning. This book is recommended for no one but friends of the author.

Famous Friendships

Picture Books

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Amos and Boris in Amos and Boris by William Steig

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Curious George and The Man in the Yellow Hat in the Curious George stories by H.A. and Margret Rey

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Frances and Thelma in A Bargain for Frances by Russell Hoban

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Frog and Toad in Frog and Toad Are Friends by Arnold Lobel

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George and Martha in George and Martha by James Marshall

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Ira and Reggie in Ira Sleeps Over by Bernard Waber

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Rosie and Michael by Rosie and Michael by Judith Viorst

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Tim and Ginger in Tim and Ginger by Edward Ardizzone


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Bobby and Alicia in Things Not Seen by Andrew Clements

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Catherine and Jason and in Rules by Cynthia Lord

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Chloe and Jordy in Becoming Chloe by Catherine Ryan Hope

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Frannie and Jesus in Feathers by Jacqueline Woodson

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Harry, Ron and Hermione in the Harry Potter series by J.K. Rowling

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Henry and Beezus in Henry and Beezus by Beverly Cleary

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Isla and Harry in Flyaway by Lucy Christopher

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Jess and Leslie in Bridge to Terabithia by Katherine Paterson

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Katniss and Peeta in The Hunger Games by Suzanne Collins

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Leo and Stargirl in Stargirl by Jerry Spinelli

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Maia and Finn in Journey to the River Sea by Eva Ibbotson

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Meg and Calvin in A Wrinkle in Time by Madeleine L’Engle

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Rosie and Bailey in Granny Torelli Makes Soup by Sharon Creech

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Soup and Robert in Soup by Robert Newton Peck

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Tal and Naim in A Bottle in the Gaza Sea by Valerie Zenatti


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Anne and Gilbert in Anne of Green Gables by L.C. Montgomery

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Charlotte and Wilbur in Charlotte’s Web by E.B. White

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D’Artagnan and his three companions in The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas

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Dorothy and Toto in The Wizard of Oz by L. Frank Baum

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Frodo and Sam in Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien

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Heidi and Clara in Heidi by Johanna Spyri

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Ponyboy and Johnny in The Outsiders by S.E. Hinton

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Ratty and Mole in The Wind in the Willows by Kenneth Grahame

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Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson in The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes by Sir Arthur Conan Doyle

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Sterling and his raccoon in Rascal by Sterling North

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Tom and Huck Finn in The Adventures of Tom Sawyer by Mark Twain

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Winnie-the-Pooh and Christopher Robin in Winnie-the-Pooh by A.A. Milne